Yolande Amoin Aké Assi DattéUniversity of Abobo-Adjame, Ivory Coast
Title: Heavy metal (Pb, Cd, Hg and As) content of some pineapples juice produced in informel market in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Aims: The objective of this study was to determine the level of micropolluants contamination (mercury, lead, cadmium, arsenic) handcrafted pineapple juices, packaged in recovery bottles and sold on the outskirts of the city of Abidjan. Study Design: Samples were collected from street vendors in four districts of Abidjan city (Marcory, Treichville, Cocody and Koumassi). Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted at the Central Food Hygiene Laboratory and Agribusiness between December 2019 and June 2020.
Methodology: 32 samples collected were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Results: It appears that traces of the few metallic micropollutters were found in pineapple juices at varying rates, sometimes exceeding the maximum values recommended for lead in 75% of the pineapple juices analyzed. Considering the municipalities, 100% of the juices collected from vendors in the commune of Cocody have arsenic concentrations exceeding the maximum regulatory values. Overall, Daily Exposure Doses (DDE) (0.024 10-4 mg/kg bw of mercury, 0.345 10-4 mg/kg bw of lead, 0.001 10-3 mg/kg pc of cadmium and 0.5 10-4 mg/kg bw of arsenic) are lower than the Previsional Tolerable Dose (PTD).
Conclusion: Therefore, can the risk be eliminated for the general population? While the concentrations of metallic micropolluants found in pineapple juices remain below the thresholds for mercury and cadmium, those of lead and arsenic are high, increasing the risk of adverse effects.
Ake Assi Yolande Amoin DATTE is a veterinary doctor from the Veterinary School of Lyon, France, since 1992. She done her doctorate in food science and technology from the University Nangui Abrogoua, Abidjan, Ivory Coast since 2018. She is a researcher at the Centre de Recherche Océanologique (CRO) since June 2022.
Previously, she was in charge of the Central Laboratory of Food Hygiene at the National Laboratory of Support to Agricultural Development (LANADA) (1999-2022), associate researcher at the Swiss Scientific Research Center since 2009, she belong to a research group on nutrition and food security. Her main research interests are food safety considering the different links of the food chain. Her activities focus on hygiene, good practices, different contaminants and food quality. She currently working on the risk factors that can impact the development of local foods and that would inevitably have repercussions on consumer health. She is the author of several scientific publications (30), speaker at national and international conferences.