Dr. Aditi ChaturvediPrivate Practitioner, India
Title: Detection and Comparison of the Parathyroid Hormone Level with Periodontal Status of Pregnant Women
Background: This study aims to detect and compare the parathyroid hormone levels with the periodontal status of pregnant women longitudinally throughout their pregnancies.
Methods: A longitudinal study evaluated 20 pregnant respondents who reported to the Gynaecology Department of SGT Medical College, Hospital & Research Institute, Gurugram, Haryana, India were evaluated throughout the entire duration of their pregnancy. The respondents were surveyed for oral health awareness, oral hygiene practices, and oral health knowledge using a self-administered questionnaire in both Hindi and English. The pregnant respondents were evaluated for their oral health status with the help of the community periodontal index for treatment needs. (CPITN). Further, for the detection of the parathyroid hormone levels, the blood sample was withdrawn from the pregnant respondents when they reported for their routine check-ups. We drew 2 mL of venous blood in a plain vial, and the serum was assayed for parathyroid hormone (PTH) level by the using chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA) method. The PTH levels were then compared with the periodontal status of the pregnant respondents and checked for their association.
Results: The pregnant respondents evaluated for their oral health awareness exhibited unawareness regarding their oral hygiene, the pregnant respondents didn’t comply with the required oral hygiene practices, and the oral hygiene knowledge was found to be severely diminished in the pregnant respondents. Post hoc comparison using Mann Whitney U test showed a significant difference only when community periodontal index (CPI) score two was compared with CPI score three rest of all the pairs failed to reach the level of statistical significance. Parathyroid hormone levels were found to be significantly more among subjects having CPI3 as compared to CPI2 readings.
Keywords: Parathyroid hormone, Periodontal Status, Pregnancy.
Dr. Aditi Chaturvedi has completed her BDS and MDS in Periodontology and Oral Implantology (Gold Medalist) from the Faculty of Dental Sciences, SGT University. She has presented and won multiple best paper and poster awards at the state and national levels during her post-graduation tenure. She received the best paper award for her paper on “Antioxidants from Natural Sources” at the Makeintern National Championship at IIT, Delhi. She is an avid researcher, with multiple research papers in national and international journals to her credit and an interest in conducting research projects in collaboration with various other branches of Medicine such as Gynaecology, Microbiology, and Pharmaceutical Sciences.