Ermias Duretohuman nutrition, Ethiopia
Title: Nutrition and immune system
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, Vitamins, Water and Minerals are six nutrients very important to our body to function properly. Food can either enhance or suppress the immune system. Most foods today are laden with toxic chemicals having a negative effect on the immune system. Malnutrition is the primary cause of immunodeficiency worldwide. Poor nutrition increases vulnerability to infection and Infections cause and aggravate poor nutrition, Poor nutrition weakens the immune system. Poor nutrition helps increase the incidence, severity, and duration of infections, and eventually Symptoms of infections lead to weight loss and growth faltering, further weakening immunity
At the times of illness, people often seek special foods or vitamin supplements that are believed to boost immunity. Vitamin C and foods like citrus fruits, chicken soup, and tea with honey are popular examples. Yet the design of our immune system is complex and influenced by an ideal balance of many factors, not just diet, and especially not by any one specific food or nutrient. However, a balanced diet consisting of a range of vitamins and minerals, combined with healthy lifestyle factors like adequate sleep and exercise and low stress, most effectively primes the body to fight infection and disease.
Two types of immunity exists are innate immunity and acquired one. Certain illness such as Cvid-19, HIVAIDS and TB increases the nutrient requirements and decrease dietary intake. Reductive adaptability is the term used to explain the body condition functioning in less nutritional access when compared to normal requirements as diseases process progress. As the result of emery deficit catabolism increases and muscle wasting happens that lead to weight loss and finally death. Hence good nutrition keeps our health better.
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