Virtual Conference
Nutrition 2022

Faheem Mustafa

University of Management and Technology, Pakistan

Title: Variations in nutritional status of school going children in four rural districts of Punjab, Pakistan

Abstract

Childhood is a time when physical, mental, emotional and psychological growth is at its maximum. During this phase of life, diet and nutrition play a key role in maintaining health and wellbeing. The main goal of this study was to assess the nutritional status (prevalence of underweight, wasting, and stunting) in the school going children living in Punjab, Pakistan (district Layyah, Rajanpur, Okara and Bhawalnagar). This cross-sectional study was carried out from April to August, 2016 on 399 children (48 female and 351 male) of ages between 9 and 16 years. Anthropometric measurements; weight, height, and age were taken in kilogram (Kg), centimeter (cm), and years respectively. According to the results, 23.1%, 17.5%, and 28.1% children were found to be underweight, thin and stunted respectively. Moreover, 22.2% male children were found to be underweight, 30.8% stunted, and 13.7% were thin. Regarding the female participants 29.2% were underweight, 8.3% stunted, and 45.8% wasted, indicating stunting was more prevalent in male students while underweight and wasting prevalence was greater in female students. Malnutrition during childhood may have detrimental and long-term effects on the life of children. The results of this study will be highly useful for policymakers while developing nutrition intervention programs. 

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