Komal FatimaGinnastic Health Center, Pakistan
Title: Significance of Low Carb Diet and Chromium Supplementation in Reversing Type 2 Diabetes
Background: Type 2 diabetes is characterized by relative insulin insufficiency in the target organs caused by pancreatic beta-cell malfunctioning and insulin resistance. Dietary carbohydrates are the main factor influencing postprandial glucose levels. Several clinical studies have shown that diets with reduced carbohydrates enhance glycemic control. The mineral chromium is crucial for maintaining appropriate glucose function.
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of low carb diet along with chromium supplementation in treating type 2 diabetes.
Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted among type 2 diabetic patients within a private health center in Lahore, Pakistan. The study included 100 patients in total. Patients were recruited
through the convenient sampling technique during a period of 6 months (November - April 2023). Self-developed questionnaire was used to collect the data and analyze by SPSS version 26.
Results: The response rate of the participants was 80%. Majority of the patients were of age group 41 to 50 years. The participants had a substantial proportion of females. It was shown that the majority of the patients were overweight, as evidenced by a BMI between 25kg/m2 to 29.9 kg/m2. Eighty four percent of the patients had diabetes before initiating the treatment program, and 16% were pre-diabetic. After three-months, it was found that 54% of the patients got ideal HbA1c levels while 39% were still in the pre-diabetic range. 45% experienced the reduction in their weight.
Furthermore, thirty seven percent patients were suffering from diabetes within the past 5 to 15 years. Fifty six percent patients considered that C-peptide test is essential in the management of diabetes. It was also discovered that 63% of the patients knew nothing about a low-carb diet. Moreover, more than 40 % of participants thought that a low-carb diet may help in reversing diabetes, while 33% selected both low-carb diets and chromium supplements to be more effective in controlling sugar levels.
Conclusion: The available evidence concluded that low carb diet and chromium supplements do support good glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients. Additionally, more studies are needed to access the effectivity of low carb diet and supplementation in diabetes.
Komal Fatima is an exceptionally dedicated and hardworking person who has recently completed her Bachelor's degree in Doctor of Diet and Nutritional Sciences. She constantly demonstrates herself as a competitive and dedicated student, with an immense passion for research. She is a nutritionist at Ginnastic Health Center where she focuses on treatment of patients suffering from metabolic syndrome. Her job involves creating individualized diet plans and advising individuals who want to improve their health. The reversal of diabetes with dietary modifications is one of primary areas of expertise. Her dedication towards improving the lives of people with diabetes has encouraged her to produce unique innovative strategies that involve dietary changes, lifestyle adjustments, and evidence-based treatments. Komal's involvement in morning shows, seminars, and workshops further reflects her dedication to improve the field of nutrition as well as encouraging healthy lifestyles.