Premalata B. RottiA.M.Shaikh homoeopathic medical college, India
Title: Impact of Covid 19 scenario on Eating habits
Global pandemic Covid 19 brought a significant change in the entire world, be it food, work, education, life style-in entirety .There was no field where it did not bring change, as change was one thing which was obligatory to combat the circumstances. so also people had to adopt to the changes in food habits as availability during lockdown was scarce, supply was hampered, so with limited resources they had to manage their life. Thus people had no option for eating outside food as everything was under lockdown. Not only that they had to maintain their immunity to combat the deadly Covid 19. This brought a significant change in their eating habits people started eating nutritious (healthy) food so they do not suffer any health issues as even health care facilities were not easily reachable.
Many studies done in this regard suggest that there was drastic change in dietary habits during this pandemic. A survey conducted online suggested(2020) that people consumed healthy food like protein rich food, lemon, herbs, warm food etc.
Another online study conducted in Lebanon (2020) reported that the people adapted unhealthy dietary habits and lifestyle. One more study from Italy suggested that(2020) 18-30 yrs aged people stick to Meditteranian food habits, 15% turned to organic foods like fruits and vegetables.
Yet another study in Poland conveyed the results as follows: here more no. of people over 43% consumed meat, dairy, and fast-foods.
One study from,Denmark,Slovania and Germany suggested that frequencies of fresh food significantly decreased in the three countries, non-fresh food, by contrast, significantly increased in Denmark and Germany in the categories of ready-made meals, sweet snacks consumption frequency of canned food also increased.
Longitudinal survey conducted in UK in 2020 suggested high fat, salt, and sugar (HFSS) snacks, and fruit and vegetable (FV) intake was more seen in people.
A survey (longitudinal) from Bihar India suggested that- Reduced food consumption was reported across all foods with nearly a quarter of the households reporting reduced consumption of fruits (27%), pulses (25%) and cereals (21%). Nearly 60% and above reported stopping consumption of nutrient-rich foods such as chicken, fish and eggs although the population was predominantly non-vegetarian.
A cross sectional study report from India concludes- a positive diet change in 85 % eating nutritious diet & 89% eating home cooked food,79% increase overall nutrition intake. Along with this negative changes were also observed 65% increase in binge eating,67% eating between meals.
Conclusion- From above findings it can be concluded that the Pandemic brought some positive and as well as Negative impact in food habits. Positive effects like people shifting to healthy home cooked food ,& negative like increase in binge eating, eating canned food, fatty food etc which in turn increased the Obesity in people as physical activities also were restricted during pandemic.
Premalata Rotti has done graduation in 20025& post graduation in homoeopathy in 2009 from A.M.Shaikh homoeopathic medical college,Belagavi,Karnataka.Also Guide to Post graduate students.has done 3 international paper presentation between 2019-2023 out of which 2 of the papers were selected as “best papers”,1 abstract for paper presentation is accepted at 2nd international AYUSH conference in Dubai,1 national level paper presentation done. Has done 6 paper publications in peer reviewed and indexed journals, 5 articles published in national level news letter.