Virtual Conference
Nutrition 2022

Samson Zeleke

Ethiopian Institute of Agriculture Research , Ethiopia

Title: Socio-Economic Factors Influencing the Adoption of Improved Sorghum Varieties in Oromia Region, Mieso District

Abstract

Sorghum is an important crop in Mieso district. It has been produced traditionally using oxen ploughing, sowing by broadcasting and threshing by animals. The grain is used for human consumption and the biomass is used for animal fodder. The use of improved high-yielding crop varieties by farm households remains an option to increase agricultural production and ensure food security in developing countries. This study aims to identify the socio-economic factors that influence farmers’ decision to adopt improved Sorghum varieties by farmer households' in Mieso district. 160 sample households (100 adopters and 60 non-adopters) selected from six PAs of the district were interviewed using a structured interview schedule. Qualitative data were collected using group discussions. Data analysis were done using Chi-square and logit linear regression was employed to analyze the influence of different variables on the probability of adoption of improved sorghum varieties, using software called STATA 12. The results of the econometric model indicated that farm size, education level, number of active labor of the household, attending field day programs, frequency of contact with extension agents, access to information, and number of livestock significantly influenced a one percent probability level on the adapter. Whereas, the age of the household head and the number of dependent member of the household has a negative influence on the adoption of improved Sorghum varieties. The findings of the study imply that strengthening extension services and increasing farmers' engagements with formal education can enhance the rate of adaptation. As most households have no formal education, the extension program should be intended for the less educated farmers. In addition, properly designed field demonstration should be needed attention to improve the adoption rate of improved Sorghum varieties.

Biography

Samson Zeleke has completed his master's degree from Haramaya University, Ethiopia. He is a researcher and head of the agricultural extension department of the Ethiopian Institute of Agriculture Research, Chiro National sorghum research and training center. He has been serving as an agricultural extension and communication researcher